The Dogue de Bordeaux, like any other member of the large breeds,are very often hard-pressed to reach the age of ten , although exceptions do occur. To date no health problems have been found to be specific to the DDB breed or though the following conditions have been detected in the breed.
Hip Dysplasia is the most common problem in the breed. Only a small number have been Hip and Elbow scored by quality breeders in New Zealand but really it is a good guide for the puppy purchaser or potential breeders so there is a smaller chance of them having to deal with a hip dysplasia pup ,or though there is still no guarantees but you have a better chance of not getting a pup with dysplasia, but unfortunately many breeders do not feel theneed to hip n Elbow score still. Some argue that to concentrate on the hips causes other problems to arise. As a breeder one must look at the total DDB, not just bits and pieces. At Two years of age any DDB , with theproper physical and temperamental characteristics , were required to jump a fence that stands three feet high in france to test for this disease. Any DDB that could not easily clear the fence is excluded from any breeding programs.
Heart disease is becoming more of a health issue with the breed ,especially Dilated Cardiomyopathy ,Pulmonary Stenosis, ASA and Mitral Dysplasia, so again always a good idea to health check any potential breeding dogs on a cardiograph as a stethoscope is not thorough enough .....this is a very heartbreaking and financially draining disease to have to deal with and sometimes can go undiagnosed until the dog dies suddenly.
Demodex Mange is a skin problem sometimes seen in the DDB, and is not contagious to Humans it is caused by a mite that livesnaturally on all dogs and is caught off the mother within the first few days of life and it can flare up when the DDB is young (1 to 6 months)or if it is sick or highly stressed or has a weak immune system due to vaccination. DemodecticMange is often mistaken for hot spots /staph infections or generally skin allergies unless skin scrapings are done. If you notice and red or bald patches on your pup or scratching it is best to take it to the vet toget pup checked out to eliminate Demodectic mange as the cause. Ivormec, at the appropriate dosage, and Mitaban Dips have been proven successful in most cases,but sometimes the mites reproduce too fast and if unnoticed localized mange can then become generalized. In extreme cases DDB like any other breed may have to be euthanized because the mange went too far and compromised the overall health of the subject.There are also things you can do to help your pups general health against the mite by giving natural supplements like Vitamin E,Flaxseed oil and Evening primrose also regular baths to help the skin irritation and smell.
The Dogue de Bordeaux has a fast growth rate. Puppies gain 2 to 4 pounds per week on average and may experience Eosinophilic Panosteitis or Pano, a condition also known as growing pains or wandering lameness. Pano is unrelated to trauma. It shifts from one location to another and is accompanied by fever, eosinophils in the white blood count, muscle wasting and unthriftiness. An X-ray will show increased density of the long bones. DDBs recover spontaneously but if severely affected may never regain full muscle strength. This condition is hereditary and is much more a nuisance than anything else. Owners may have to assist a suffering DDB outside.
The DDB may cry in pain and may not eat because it feels miserable.Many breeders treat the condition with a simple reduction in the amount of protein they feed The DDB. Changing the diet from puppy to adult and back again when symptoms have subsided .I prefer to feed a natural supplement in the diet daily of fish oil ,to help lubricate the joints . This condition can come and go and usually disappears anywherr from 5 months to 1 year of age .
Some DDB can suffer from Soft Palettes. The Palette does not open and close properly. and can interfere when the DDBneeds to vomit. The DDB will "Dry Heave" until its throat opens up and allows passage. Sometimes this doesn't happen and the DDB faints. DDBs are prone to vomit after drinking Cold Water. Provide water at room temperature to prevent the problem. Soft Palettes are also hereditary. But not allproblems in the DDB are hereditary. Some problems are brought on by misguidance, misunderstanding and mistakes.
The DDB like many of the larger breeds are prone to "Bloat" or twisting of the stomach. Bloat can be deadly if it goes unnoticed and should be considered an emergency if witnessed by the owner. Excessive exercise before or after eating can cause a DDB to bloat.It is advisable to wait an hour or sobefore and two hours after feeding before allowing exercise and water should be given moderately.Dry Kibble dog food should be moistened and allowed to expand before feeding it to a DDB. Food and water bowls should be raised off the floor. The Adult DDB can eat more than 8 cups of dry kibble a day,but it should Not be fed this amount at one sitting it is best to break this over two to three meals a day.
I prefer to feed a 80% raw 10% dry diet then i know exactly what i am feeding them and it also gives them a variety of food and their faces say it all at dinner time ...plus being carnivores it is a natural food requirment for them.
The Dogue de Bordeaux needs exercise to develop its
muscle structure. Young pups however get a lot of exercise
from playing with their litter mates or by themselves so
don't need exercise as in daily walks etc until around 8 months
of age and then start off small....and avoid excessive stair climbing
and jumping on and off things when they are young as it can effects
there bone growth for later years . A brisk walk two times a day
will keep the adult dogue in good shape. Be careful of undue
stress on the developing DDBs structure.
Cautionary exercise is recommended for the growing DDB.
As with any dog, walks should never take place in the heat
of a summer day but should be reserved for cool mornings
and evenings during the summer months, and start of slowly
with the length of the walks . Dogues are very susceptible to
heat so you should always be aware that your dogue is not
overheating especially in vehicles or without shade/water outside.
The Dogue de Bordeaux has short, fine hair and requires
a weekly brushing to keep the coat in premium condition.
Basic Dental care, Nail trimmings and ear cleaning is also
required. Their wrinkles don't usually get dirty with the
exception of the area beneath the eyes due to eye discharge.
Therefore their faced should be wiped and cleaned daily and
since you have the rag in your hands, you can wipe their feet
making sure to get between the toes. Should there nose be
getting a little crusty a couple of applications of paupau
ointment should fix that.
They are basically a low maintenance dog.